Ketemu Project Space | Murni and Pengosekan Style Through Mokoh
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Murni and Pengosekan Style Through Mokoh

by Savitri Sastrawan

by Savitri Sastrawan


Click on image to view title. For full list of images, click here.


As written in many articles, Murni undertook her study in painting with I Dewa Putu Mokoh, who was Mondo’s (her then partner) painting teacher. It was through Mokoh that Murni was inducted into the school of painting we associate with her – the Pengosekan style from Gianyar, Bali.

 

One of the traditional Balinese painting styles, the Pengosekan style is so named after the area from which it emerged in the early 1900s. Its main brush is handmade from splintered bamboo and with which a white base is layered over a painted background. Another colour is then painted over the white base. After, black outlines known as ngorten[1] are shaded in to complete the painting. This technique is also used in other traditional Balinese painting styles, yet with Pengosekan, the subjects within the painting are rendered in larger formats compared to, for example, the small figures of the Batuan style.



Murni stated that she first learned how to paint many types of flora and fauna, which are the usual subjects and themes in Pengosekan,[2] although Mokoh himself is not known for painting these subjects and themes. Instead, he was known for the radical manipulation of this style, as he would paint daily life scenes including humoristic and sexual relationships. For example, a scene of a woman relaxing half-naked or a couple in bed together while a peeping tom looks in from outside the window,[3] other metaphorical visuals about sexual relationships,[4] and even someone giving birth[5]. Murni’s works from around 1992 to 1998 that are in the Yayasan I GAK Murniasih collection looks to have very much fused both Mokoh’s and the traditional visual language, colours and themes.



And many elements characteristic of Murni’s later works have already begun to emerge in the early years of her practice. Her early paintings already contain surreal subjects, depict the quotidian, and almost purely relate to her personal experiences and memories if we read from the artwork titles given. Thus, to just focus on what is traumatic and taboo would be a narrow reading of Murni’s paintings which widely portrays the mundane and the every day.

 

It can be said, and as mentioned in Jean Couteau’s Surealisme Naif Murni, Murni seemed to be forward thinking in her use of the Pengosekan style. [6] Murni did say, “I don’t want to paint the same as anyone,” not even her own teacher.[7]



Image List

    • “Diantara senang dan sedih”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 30×25 cm
    • Year: 1995

    • “My nyonyo”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 60×40 cm
    • Year: 1996

    • “Digigit nyamuk”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 58×90 cm
    • Year: 1995

    • “Jangan biarkan dia layu”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 40×30 cm
    • Year: 1998

    • “Semogalah bersinar”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 20×25 cm
    • Year: 2000

    • “Aku menghayal”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 50×50 cm
    • Year: 1998

    • “Ngurah mejape”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 40×30 cm
    • Year: 1999

    • “Menguris”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 85×60 cm
    • Year: 2000

    • “Bintik gatal”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 50×35 cm
    • Year: 2001

    • “Keseharian Di Rumah Antonio Blanko”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 40×30 cm
    • Year: 2001

    • “Bergaya”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 80×60 cm
    • Year: 1993

    • “Tangan daun”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 90×60 cm
    • Year: 1994

    • “Nenek Saya”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 89×60 cm
    • Year: 1995

    • “Setelah menahan lama”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 85×96 cm
    • Year: 1996

    • “Jangan selalu memancing kesalahan”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 30×40 cm
    • Year: 1999

    • “Mulutku rasa besar kala saja diremehkan”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 40×30 cm
    • Year: 1999

    • “13 Januari 2006”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 40×30 cm
    • Year: 1997

    • “My sepatu II”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 60×40 cm
    • Year: 1996

    • “Mabok lagi”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 30×50 cm
    • Year: 1998

    • “Aku potong rambu”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 50×30 cm
    • Year: 19998

    • “Gayaku 18 september”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 85×60 cm
    • Year: 2000

    • “Rindu suaramu”
    • Artist: I GAK Murniasih
    • Medium: Acrylic on Canvas
    • Dimensions: 20×20 cm
    • Year: 2000



Bibliography

[1] I Wayan Setem, “Laporan Penelitian: Jejak Seksualitas dalam Lukisan Dewa Putu Mokoh dan Murniasih, Institut Seni Indonesia Denpasar,” 2011, p. 32, (Accessed 3/11/2015), http://download.isi-dps.ac.id/index.php/category/14-artikel-2?download=1132:jejak-seksualitas-dalam-lukisan-dewa-putu-mokoh-dan-murni&start=140.

[2] Wawancara dengan IGAK Murniasih, April 2000. Retrieved from IVAA collection on 18/9/2015.

[3] Artwork can be seen at: http://www.kendragallery.com/artist-artwork/94/dewa-putu-mokoh/.

[4] Artwork can be seen at: http://www.asianart5.nl/content/pinangtree-good-and-bad-thinking.

[5] Artwork can be seen at: http://www.agungraigallery.com/bali-painting/melahirkan/.

[6] Jean Couteau, “Surealisme Naif Murni,” Gamma, 1-7 November 2000. Hardcopy found in Murni’s Studio.

[7] Wawancara dengan IGAK Murniasih, April 2000. Retrieved from IVAA collection on 18/9/2015.